There is a lot of debate these days on the concept of “community paramedics”. Me personally, I like the concept. I see too often that our current way of doing things (I am not trying to start a philosophical debate on the status of our healthcare system and the desires of some to turn it into, as one writer calls it, “government run cradle-to-grave healthcare”). As an EMS provider for my entire adult life, I have seen the gaps in the care that people receive (I do, however, believe in cradle to grave healthcare, no matter who provides it.) when they are sick or injured. There are rules that have to be negotiated, minefields of insurance and healthcare bureaucracy that stand poised to ‘regulate costs” and determine eligibility.
No matter, people have needs. When those needs are not met, guess who they call? And like it or not, there are a lot of EMS folks out there who get a little bummed out when they have to transport the same person, over and over, for maintenance of that patient’s ongoing and/or chronic condition that is not being managed or met.
Is being a community paramedic for everyone? Of course not. The same reason that every paramedic is not suited to be a firefighter and every firefighter is not suited to be a paramedic (opinions of the IAFF and others not withstanding).
But it is a need that someone needs to fill. So why not us?
Over at the blog Rescuing Providence the author writes is top ten reasons he does not like community paramedics, and you can go see that list here.
Of course, there is a really good response over at Captains Chair Confessions where he addresses each of RP’s ’Top Ten Reasons’.
And then, there is this jewel over at Too Old To Work, Too Young To Retire, where Too Old throws in his $0.05 worth and he does make some good points.
So why am I a proponent of the community practice concept? Yes, a lot of these areas are supposedly covered by nurses. And I know that EMS is typically ‘fee for transport’ funded. But I do believe we have to get away from that, and that we do need to take a page form the fire service playbook- public outreach.
In my mind the idea of the community paramedic is to ‘fill gaps’.
Like Too Old, my parents have had experiences with the healthcare system and the home health care field- or lack thereof. My father never got home health care, even though he was incapacitated. Instead, it was left to my mother to care for him, with a little help from me, my wife, and my daughters. I don’t know that EMS could fill that role in the area of community paramedicine, but where I do see opportunities is public education.
I have seen patients who are discharged from the hospital for whatever condition and by the time home health care is set up for them they have already been transported twice to the ED. Is it because they are irresponsible? Sometimes. But more often than not, in my experience, it is because the doctors and nurses explained everything at a college level to someone who may not have finished high school. And nobody explained to them that the Good Old Boy Rule* did not apply to drugs like atenolol, furosemide, or amlodipine.
Recently my mother was given a medication for her COPD that she did not understand how to use. Coupled with her eyesight and arthritis, that did not turn out to well. And she is not alone. Many times people simply do not understand how to manipulate the medications or devices. And please, do not tell them to ‘check out a video on the internet’. Most of these people are like my mother and do not have internet, or even a computer.
I have seen opinion pieces about the plight of poor people and others about how they are responsible for it. Maybe. But guess who gets to take care of the aftermath?
Maybe it is a failing of our public education system, a failing of our evolving values as a society…whatever. The fact is, we have to change the way we do business. You call we haul is not sustainable.
There are other parts of the RP Top Ten that I wondered about, but then, I am not familiar with what everyone else is doing. But my own idea of what a Community Practice Paramedic program in my little slice of rural America would look something like this-
- Follow up on discharges from our local hospitals for patients who have respiratory diseases, heart disease, and diabetes. No we haven’t been trained in it, but there are a lot of things I have learned in the past few years. And the reason I/we cannot learn a little more is….what? I’m not so much concerned about insulin pumps, but the person who just got discharged after treatment for severe COPD or CHF and they do not understand all of the gobbledygook that the doctor or discharge nurse threw at them in rapid succession.
- Fall prevention. The model is based on what the fire service has been pretty successful at- fire prevention. Imagine EMS getting dispatched to the same residence twice or three times in a week or two for a fall at the same residence. No transport, so no fee. Why not send someone in to check with the residents and see if we can help them minimize their fall hazards? Maybe they did not know about how throw rugs and all of those nick-nacks are causing the problem. Maybe they just need some ideas. Maybe the other family members might get involved?
- Referrals. In my career I have been to many EMS calls for people who need a doctor but don’t know who to call.
- Mental health referrals. I am not talking about counseling. I am talking about calls that I have gone to where a medically stable person wants some help. Maybe it is with alcohol, drugs, or just…life. Maybe they did not need an ED, but there are other options out there. In my area, we have crisis counseling that can come to you.
- Alternate destinations. My old employer started a community paramedic program of sorts, and one thing we did was if a person just needed a place to stay, or maybe a detox, we had options other than the ED. It sort of ties in with #4.
Is a community practice paramedic program for everyone? Maybe not. But it is another option that we need to really look at. And no, not everyone is cut out to be a community paramedic. Just like all of those paramedics that are not cut out to do high angle rescue, firefighting, confined space rescue, etc. And just like all of those people who do high angle rescue, confined space rescue, water rescue, trench rescue, and firefighting who are not cut out to be a paramedic.
*- Good Old Boy Rule- If a little bit is good, then a whole lot is better.